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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Zealand (mainland)

This checklist includes all bird species found in New Zealand (mainland) , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2007). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2007

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Sibley & Monroe 1996 Howard & Moore 3rd edition (corrigenda 5) Clements 5th edition (updated 2005) Clements 6th edition (updated 2007) Commission internationale pour les noms franšais d'oiseaux (CINFO 1993) American Ornithologist Union 7th edition (including 47th suppl.)
No synonyms   Czech   German   Danish   Spanish   Finnish   French   Icelandic   Italian   Japanese   Japanese   Dutch   Polish   Portuguese   Portuguese (Brazil)   Russian   Swedish   Maori

 

Country or region: New Zealand (mainland)
Description: North, South and Stewart Islands, excluding outlying islands
Number of species: 301
Number of endemics: 37
Number of breeding endemics: 7
Number of globally threatened species: 46
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 39
Date last reviewed: 2003-08-22

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Apterygidae

Southern Brown KiwiApteryx australisEndemic Vulnerable
Okarito Brown KiwiApteryx rowiEndemic
North Island Brown KiwiApteryx mantelliEndemic Endangered
Little Spotted KiwiApteryx oweniiEndemic Vulnerable
Great Spotted KiwiApteryx haastiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicusRare/Accidental
Emperor PenguinAptenodytes forsteriRare/Accidental
Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Adelie PenguinPygoscelis adeliaeRare/Accidental
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriEndangered
Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Royal PenguinEudyptes schlegeliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndemic Endangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Magellanic PenguinSpheniscus magellanicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae
Hoary-headed GrebePoliocephalus poliocephalusRare/Accidental
New Zealand GrebePoliocephalus rufopectusEndemic Vulnerable
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaVulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleri
Shy AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchos
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Antarctic Giant PetrelMacronectes giganteusVulnerable
Hall's Giant PetrelMacronectes halliNear-threatened
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
Antarctic PetrelThalassoica antarcticaRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Tahiti PetrelPterodroma rostrataRare/Accidental
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Providence PetrelPterodroma solandriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiBreeding endemic Endangered
Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucopteraRare/Accidental
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Stejneger's PetrelPterodroma longirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Pycroft's PetrelPterodroma pycroftiBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Blue PetrelHalobaena caerulea
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialis
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Pink-footed ShearwaterPuffinus creatopusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatisRare/Accidental
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusRare/Accidental
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniBreeding endemic Endangered
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularisRare/Accidental
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

South Georgia Diving-PetrelPelecanoides georgicus
Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricaudaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Australian GannetMorus serrator

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax varius
Rough-faced ShagPhalacrocorax carunculatusEndemic Vulnerable
Bronze ShagPhalacrocorax chalconotusEndemic Vulnerable
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

DarterAnhinga melanogasterRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretEgretta intermediaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicusRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Australian IbisThreskiornis moluccaRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia
Yellow-billed SpoonbillPlatalea flavipesRare/Accidental

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Plumed Whistling-DuckDendrocygna eytoniRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Cape Barren GooseCereopsis novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoides
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataEndemic
Maned DuckChenonetta jubataRare/Accidental
Blue DuckHymenolaimus malacorhynchosEndemic Endangered
Gray TealAnas gracilis
Chestnut TealAnas castaneaRare/Accidental
Brown TealAnas chlorotisEndangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotis
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
Pink-eared DuckMalacorhynchus membranaceusRare/Accidental
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Black FalconFalco subnigerRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Meleagrididae

Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusIntroduced species Near-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaIntroduced species
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Brown QuailCoturnix ypsilophoraIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

BrolgaGrus rubicundaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
TakahePorphyrio mantelliEndemic
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed Native-henGallinula ventralisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiEndemic
Variable OystercatcherHaematopus unicolorEndemic

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus
Black StiltHimantopus novaezelandiaeEndemic Critically endangered
Red-necked AvocetRecurvirostra novaehollandiae

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Red-kneed DotterelErythrogonys cinctusRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Red-breasted DotterelCharadrius obscurusEndemic Endangered
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillusRare/Accidental
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanops
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaEndemic (country/region)
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickiiRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellusRare/Accidental
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Silver GullLarus novaehollandiae
Red-billed GullLarus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Black-billed GullLarus bulleriEndemic Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
White TernGygis albaRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Fairy TernSternula nereis
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusEndemic Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Antarctic TernSterna vittata
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

GalahEolophus roseicapillaIntroduced species
Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galeritaIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

KeaNestor notabilisEndemic Vulnerable
New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisEndemic Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaEndemic Critically endangered
Red-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiaeVulnerable
Yellow-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Malherbe's ParakeetCyanoramphus malherbiEndemic Critically endangered
Crimson RosellaPlatycercus elegansIntroduced species
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Pallid CuckooCuculus pallidusRare/Accidental
Fan-tailed CuckooCacomantis flabelliformisRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctuaIntroduced species
MoreporkNinox novaeseelandiae

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Laughing KookaburraDacelo novaeguineaeIntroduced species
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthisittidae

RiflemanAcanthisitta chlorisEndemic
Bush WrenXenicus longipesEndemic Extinct
South Island WrenXenicus gilviventrisEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon arielRare/Accidental
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced Cuckoo-shrikeCoracina novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
White-winged TrillerLalage tricolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Satin FlycatcherMyiagra cyanoleucaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

WhiteheadMohoua albicillaEndemic
YellowheadMohoua ochrocephalaEndemic Endangered
PipipiMohoua novaeseelandiaeEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

StitchbirdNotiomystis cinctaEndemic Vulnerable
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)
TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Callaeidae

KokakoCallaeas cinereusEndemic Endangered
SaddlebackPhilesturnus carunculatusEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Masked WoodswallowArtamus personatusRare/Accidental
White-browed WoodswallowArtamus superciliosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Australasian MagpieGymnorhina tibicenIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchCarduelis chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollCarduelis flammeaIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusIntroduced species

 

Avibase has been visited 15444314 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage